Print media, by the most general definition, is the common name for newspapers and magazines that provide communication between masses.
According to the EU statistics office EUROSTAT methodology, print media is one of the main domains within the context of cultural statistics. EUROSTAT describes production, distribution and retail sales of periodicals as cultural activities and looks for production of statistics that would cover employment, finance, and expenditure dimensions of activities. In this context; Print media survey has regularly performed since 2006 and producing statistics in order to meet the needs on this domain in our country and EU. The print media survey was first implemented in 2006 by reference to the year 2005.
In 2018, the last table produced from the administrative register data of the Press Advertising Agency was published for the first time and for 2017 reference year. The definitions related to the publication of official announcement and advertisement in this table are mainly referenced to the Law No. 195 on the Establisment of Press Advertising Agency and the Press Law No. 5187. Definitions given in this context are evaluated within the framework of the terminology determined according to the “Regulation on Official Announcements and Advertisements and The Periodicals Whom Publish These” on the basis of the Law No. 195. In the Press Advertising Agency table, only the newspapers and magazines which have requested to publish official announcements or have the right to publish such announcements are covered.
Newspaper: Publication that is published for supplying news and information on politics, economics, culture and other subjects commenting or not commenting, and that is published every day or periodically.
Magazine: A periodical publication that analyzes issues like politics, literature, technical subjects, economics, etc.
Release: Presentation of a published work to the public.
Periodical: Describes published works as newspapers and magazines and news agency publications that are published periodically.
Local periodical: Published partly or fully covering at least one settlement area.
Regional periodical: Published in at least three adjacent provinces or a geographic region.
National periodical: Publication covers seventy percent of settlement areas in our country including at least one province in every geographic region.
The definitions for the concepts used in the table from Press Advertising Agency are as follows:
Official announcement: These are the announcements without advertising purposes which have to be published in accordance with the law, bylaws or regulations, or that are published by the central administrations, local administrations, social security institutions, state economic enterprises, public legal entities and the subsdiaries more than fifty percent of funds of whom are belong to these companies or have more than fifty percent share of whose belong to these institutions and entities.
Official advertisement: These are the announcements and advertisements to be given to the newspapers and magazines by the official institutions and other institutions mentioned in the Article 42 of the “Law No. 195 on the Establishment of the Press Advertising Agency” and the b part of the first paragraph of the Article 5 in the “Regulation on Official Announcements and Advertisements and The Periodicals Whom Publish These” and the subsidiaries of these institutions.
Official announcements in institutional assignment field of PAA: It covers the official announcements published in the periodicals in the provinces where Press Advertising Agency (PAA) has authority to mediate publication of official announcements and advertisements.
Official advertisements in institutional assignment field of PAA: It covers the official advertisements published in the periodicals in the provinces where Press Advertising Agency (PAA) has authority to mediate publication of official announcements and advertisements.
Official announcement in the areas in assignment field of governorates: Official announcements published in the periodicals in the provinces which are not within the scope of intermediary authority of Press Advertising Agency (PAA).
Private announcements and advertisements: Announcements which are not in the scope of the official announcements and which are given by the real or legal entities for publication in newspapers and magazines but not in the nature of advertising are considered as private announcements, while the announcements by pictures, texts or lines on the newspapers and magazines that have the purpose of affording a benefit such as commercial activities like increasing sales, or promotional purpose are consiredered as private advertisements.
Printed Media Research includes newspaper and magazine companies which is active in our country in the reference year. (Preschool, primary and secondary education institutions publications and newsletters are excluded). Geographical coverage is Turkey.
In the Press Advertising Agency tables, only the newspapers and magazines which have requested to publish official announcements or have the right to publish such announcements are covered.
Annual data compiled by the regional offices, control and analysis and tabulation plan is the stages through the preparation of publication.
In the Press Advertising Agency tables, the values in the tables are obtained from the administrative records of the Press Advertising Agency and they are prepared by the TURKSTAT producer unit after being controlled.
Data sources include newspaper and magazine organizations. Printed Media Research Newspaper / Magazine Questionnaire applied to organizations of all newspapers and magazines. In the tables in which data from administrative register of Press Advertising Agency are used, tha data sources are the newspapers and magazines which have requested to publish official announcements or have the right to publish such announcements are controlled by the unit in Turkstat and then tabulated.
Data collection method: Written Media Research Newspaper/Magazine Questionnaire field application are carried out regularly every year a full count interview method by the regional offices of TurkStat.
Data processing method: After the completion of the field application and data entry by the regional offices, control and analysis are carried out by Education, Culture and Justice Statistics in the center.
In the tables whose data source is administrative register of Press Advertising Agency, tha data which are obtained from the newspapers and magazines which have requested to publish official announcements or have the right to publish such announcements are controlled by the unit in Turkstat and then tabulated.
Data are available on the dissemination database
Cinema: A building or hall where the images and movies are screened to the motion picture screen (silver screen) by using a special machine which can project the motion pictures.
Movie: A motion picture show projected by the cinematograph/motion picture projector.
Production: These are the feature length or short movies with or without a subject, which are consist of interrelated moving-picture-sets in documentary, fiction, animation or similar types and produced by using the skills and methods specific to cinema art; which can be projected by electronic, mechanical or other devices regardless of the material used to produce them; which are talking or silent.
Theatre is a performing art designed to be performed by the actors and actresses on a stage in front of the attendances. It is generally used as for the concept of the performed shows. The show represents the events in a state of occurance/continuum. Starting from this side, it can be defined as a performing art situated on the dialogues and actions.
Original (Copyrighted) show: The shows created by using Turkish language.
Translated show: The translation of a show that was created by using a language except Turkish.
The scope of the theatre statistics covers the theatres related with government, universities, municipalities, and non-governmental organizations, private and other kind of theatre (theatre group‘s own hall, cultural centre, multipurpose hall, university or municipal halls, etc.) operating with the aim of periodic or touring performance.
In the study, all theatre halls which are active in reference time period in our country is covered. Each hall that is used for the purpose of theatre performances are covered.
Elementary, middle school and high school theatre performances is excluded.
Cinema and Theater Statistics: Data are available on a provincial basis for 1979 and beyond.
Before the start of the field work of the Cinema Statistics Survey and Theatre Statistics Survey in actual year, an address update process is carried out by the Regional Office in all provinces by using the address database of the previous year. The field work is started with the newly created frames. The questionnaire is filled in by all the active cinema and theater halls in the reference year by using Harzemli web application.
Data processing method: After the completion of the field application and data entry by the cinema and theatre halls under the control of our regional offices, detailed control processes and analysis are carried out by Education, Culture and Justice Statistics Group.
The data analysis and tabulation procedures are carried out by Education, Culture and Justice Statistics Group. Data analysis is done by using SAS and Excel program and tabulation is done by using Excel.
The statistics on museums is one of the main areas under the "cultural heritage" title in the scope of cultural statistics in Eurostat methodology. TurkStat conducts the statistical studies related to the cultural heritage within the framework of Official Statistics Programme activities.
Museum: Places where the works of art, history, nature and other curiosities are preserved and exhibited.
Archaeological museums: Museums that have obtained all or significant part of their collections from archaeological excavations.
Historical museums: Museums where the historical development of a region is exhibited.
Ethnographical or anthropological museums: Museums where the relics of a culture, social structure, beliefs, traditions, traditional arts, etc. are exhibited.
Art museums: Museums for the display of works of fine art and applied art. Within this group fall museums of sculpture, picture galleries, museums of photography and cinema, museums of architecture. Including art exhibition galleries permanently maintained by libraries and archives centers, etc.
General museums: Museums where various collections are exhibited. They are not specialized in a certain area.
Ruins (archaeological site): From Prehistoric era to up to now existence of various civilizations and topographically identifiable and alike features, but also historical archaeological, artistic, scientific, social or technical aspects area remarkable, partly built fields in which human effort combined with cultural assets and natural assets.
Urban sites: Areas where cultural and natural elements (e.g. buildings, gardens, plants, residential areas, and historic walls) are found together and therefore, architecturally, historically, aesthetically or artistically are more valuable as a whole than individually.
Historical sites: Places where important historical events took place and therefore should be protected.
Natural sites: Places of rare natural beauty and ecological interest that should be preserved and protected.
Ethnographical works: Artifacts and documents that are related to folk art and folklore.
Coins: A piece of metal on which certain characters are stamped by government authority, making it legally current as money.
Catalogued items: Works of art that are obtained by museums through various means; found worthy of keeping, and following tests and examinations, whose properties have been defined and entered in inventory records.
Uncatalogued items: Works of art that are obtained by museums found worthy of keeping, following tests and examinations, but kept in storage until they can be entered in inventory records.
National park: An area of land which has remarkable natural and cultural sources of national and international significance and resting and tourism areas.
Natural park: A reserve of land nestling some very rare indigenous vegetation and wildlife features and suitable for public resting and entertaining in its entirety with scenery.
Wildlife protection area: An area of land that needs absolute protection and comprising rare ecosystems and species about to extinct and in danger and being important for science and education and containing remarkable examples generated by natural forces, reserved only for scientific and educational purposes.
Natural monument: An area having features created by natural forces and scientific values and protected within national park protection conditions.
Unique buildings: Original constructions which demonstrate special architectural, historical, aesthetic, archaeological or artistic properties and which are unique in structure, material construction, technology, or form.
Geographical coverage: Data are published by national level and NUTS 3.
Annually being received from the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, data are being prepared for publication through the control and analysis phases within the tabulation plan.