Immigration and emigration statistics were produced from administrative registers for the first time
Information on the population residing in Turkey by citizenship and place of birth are produced annually from Address Based Population Registration System. Within the scope of studies on development of statistics obtained from administrative registers, analyzes on existing records were carried out and thereafter Turkish Statistical Institute produced information on immigration and emigration, namely annual migration flow statistics, for the first time based on administrative registers with the reference date of 31 December.
Migration is a global phenomenon of ever-growing importance that has economic, political, demographic, social and cultural impacts. Annual migration flow statistics take an important place in the field of demography, development of socio-economic plans and policies at national and local level, and migration management.
466 thousand 333 people immigrated to Turkey
In 2017, number of immigrants increased by 22.4% compared to the previous year and reached to 466 thousand 333 people. While 52.3% of this population were males, 47.7% were females.
253 thousand 640 people emigrated from Turkey
Number of emigrants increased by 42.5% compared to the previous year and reached to 253 thousand 640 people in 2017. While 54% of this population were males, 46% were females.
Proportion of immigrants and emigrants by sex, 2016, 2017
The most migrated population group was 25-29 age group
In 2017, it was seen that 12.3% of the immigrant population were in the 25-29 age group. This age group was followed by 20-24 age group with 11.6% and 30-34 age group with 10.8%, respectively.
When the age distribution of emigrant population was analyzed, it was seen that 15.5% of them were in the 25-29 age group. This age group was followed by 20-24 age group with 14.4% and 30-34 age group with 12.3%, respectively.
The province with the highest number of immigrants was İstanbul
When immigrant population in 2017 were analyzed by provinces, it was seen that İstanbul had the largest immigrant population with 166 thousand 44 people. İstanbul was followed by Ankara with 46 thousand 475 people, Antalya with 21 thousand 888 people, İzmir with 12 thousand 31 people and Bursa with 11 thousand 191 people, respectively.
When the emigrants were analyzed by provinces, it was seen that İstanbul had the largest emigrant population with 75 thousand 849 people. İstanbul was followed by Ankara with 27 thousand 379 people, Antalya with 15 thousand 56 people, Bursa with 13 thousand 946 people and İzmir with 10 thousand 353 people, respectively.
First 5 provinces with the largest immigrant and emigrant population,
26.6% of foreign immigrants were comprised of Iraqi citizens
Iraqi citizens took the first place in the foreign immigrant population in 2017 with 26.6%. This group was followed by citizens of Afghanistan with 10.4%, Syria with 7.7%, Azerbaijan with 5.7% and Turkmenistan with 5.6%, respectively.
Iraqi citizens once again took the first place in the foreign emigrant population with 20.4%. This group was followed by citizens of Azerbaijan with 7.5%, Syria with 6.7%, Afghanistan with 4.6% and China with 4.5%, respectively.
First 5 countries with the largest immigrant and emigrant population by country of
In the calculation process of international migration statistics, definitions and concepts in the “Recommendations on Statistics of International Migration” of United Nations and the reference metadata of international migration statistics disseminated by the Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat) were taken into consideration.
Annual migration flow statistics were calculated based on Address Based Population Registration System, where the records of Turkish Republic (T.R.) citizens and foreigners residing in Turkey are kept, and the database on T.R. citizens living abroad. Both these two systems are updated by the Ministry of Interior General Directorate of Civil Registration and Nationality.
Foreigners who are holding 3 months or longer residence/work permit or a document equivalent to residence permit or who are under international protection are covered within the scope of foreign population. In addition, individuals who renounced the T.R. citizenship with the authorization of T.R. and stay in Turkey are also covered in the foreign population. Foreigners who came from Syria and stay in Turkey with temporary protection status are not included in this study.