The modular survey "Reconciliation Between Work and Family Life" was applied together with Household Labour Force Survey in the second quarter of 2018 (April, May and June) to investigate the impact of care responsibilities on persons labour market participation and to identify problem areas. The aim of this survey was to determine the individuals participating in the labour market whether or not having care responsibility, what methods they use for the maintenance and the effects of care responsibility on work and family life balance.
Care responsibilities are defined as for all respondents' or spouses' or cohabiting partners' children younger than 15 years of age or 15 years and older sick or disabled children or elderly parents or relatives in need of care who live inside or outside the household. The research applied to the population of the 18-64 age group in the same period with the European Union countries is the first modular survey conducted in our country and more detailed information on survey is given in Annex of this Press Release.
The ratio of those having care responsibilities in the 18-64 age group was 42.9%
In Turkey, 42.9% of the 49 million 819 thousand people in the 18-64 age group were those with care responsibilities in the second quarter of 2018. This rate was 41.2% for men and 44.6% for women.
The proportion of those employed and having care responsibilities was 46.9%
While 46.9% of the employed persons in 18-64 age group have care responsibilities, this rate was 48.1% for males and 44.2% for females. On the other hand, 38.7% of those not in the labour force have care responsibilities while this rate was 14.8% for men and 45.9% for women.
Care responsibilities by labour force status, Quarter II: April - June, 2018
Childcare was 94.6% of those who are employed and have care responsibilities
While 94.6% of those who are employed and have care responsibilities were childcare, this rate was 96.5% for men and 90.3% for women. On the other hand, 5.4% of those who are employed and have care responsibilities were 15 years and older sick or disabled children or elderly relatives. This rate was 3.5% for males and 9.7% for females.
13.1% of those who are employed and have childcare responsibilities used professional care services
While 13.1% of those who are employed and have childcare responsibilities for own children younger than 15 years of age used professional care services, this rate was 11.7% for men and 16.6% for women. 12.8% of the women those who are employed and have childcare responsibilities, used professional childcare services, 3.3% used professional childcare at home and 0.6% used both of them.
While 35.9% of those who are employed and take care of own children from the age of 15 who are ill or disabled or elderly relatives used professional care services, this ratio is 15.5% for men and 54.3% for women. 53.7% of employed women used professional childcare at home and 0.7% used professional care services.
Care services preference of employed person, Quarter II: April - June, 2018
The percentage of employed women arranged childcare responsibilities alone or together with partner was 52.2%
While 62.3% of those who are employed and do not use childcare services, organised children's care alone or together with partner, this rate was 66.2% for men and 52.2% for women. 15% of women who did not use childcare services, arranged care responsibilities with the support of grandparents, etc., while 14.8% of children can take care of themselves. 12.2% of them declared that the cost of childcare service was expensive.
Main reason for not using childcare services, Quarter II: April - June, 2018
83.3% of employed women did not have any effect of childcare responsibilities on their current employment
83.3% of employed women did not change their current employment due to childcare responsibilities, while 5.3% of them decreased their working hours and 4.1% of them changed something to earn more money.