Results Of Research On The Entry Of Young People Into The Labour Market, II. Quarter: April-June, 2016
Ad hoc module survey on "Entry Of Young People Into The Labour Market" was applied together with Household Labour Force Survey in the second quarter of 2016 (April, May and June).
The aim of this module which was conducted with the scope of harmonization with European Union is to compile data for youth (15-34 age group) in the labour market on their educational background, efforts to find job, types of assistance in finding work and duration to transition to work. 2016 survey is not a repetition of the 2009 module survey called "Transition to Young People's Labour Market", but it shows differences in content.
More detailed information on survey is given in Annex of this News Release.
56.4% of the population aged 15-34 took place in the labour force in Turkey
The number of non-institutional population aged 15-34 was 24 million 263 thousand, 13 million 685 thousand of whom were in the labour force in the second quarter of 2016 in Turkey. In other words, the labour force participation rate of this age group was 56.4%.
Unemployment rate realized as 13.2% in 15-34 age group
In Turkey, while the unemployment rate was 13.2% for 15-34 age group, this ratio was 16.8% for higher education 2 or 3 year graduates and 13.3% for higher education 4 years and over graduates. When this rate was 15.5% in high school graduates, it was 12.3% in vocational or technical high school graduates.
When the level of education increased, the employment rate increased
Employment rate realized as 48.9% for the people aged 15-34. This ratio was 30.1% for those who did not complete any school, 42.4% for those who had less than high school education, and 73.7% for those with 4 years and over higher education. On the other hand, the employment rate was 43.6% in high school graduates while it was 60.6% in vocational or technical high school graduates.
Non-institutional population by education and labour force status, II. Quarter: April-June, 2016
47.6% of the young people in the labour force had practical work experience during their highest educational level completed
35.9% of the people aged 15-34 who completed at least one educational level had paid or unpaid work experience during the highest level of education completed. For the reference week, while the rate of having work experience during the highest level of education in the labour force was 47.6%, this rate was realized as 48.2% for the employed and 43.1% for the unemployed persons. 19.7% of the individuals not in labour force had a work experience during their highest level of education.
Work experience(1) by labour force status in the reference week, II. Quarter: April-June, 2016
19% of young people had their first job after leaving education for more than three years
In the transition from education to work life, while 19% of the people aged 15-34 had their first job (more than 3 months) after leaving education for more than three years, 14.1% for those had in the first six months. 7.4% of young people had their first job between seven months and one year, 8.6% of those in 1-2 years, and 5.8% of those in 2-3 years.
On the other hand, 16.3% of the people aged 15-34 declared that they had their first job (more than 3 months) while continuing their education.
23.3% of young people employed as service and sales workers in their first job
After leaving formal education, 23.3% of the employees worked in their first job (worked more than three months) as service and sales workers, 16.9% of those in elementary occupations, 16% of those as craft and related trades workers, while 12.2% of young people worked in professional occupations.
The results are published in this news release having II.quarter containing 14th - 26th weeks period of including April, May and June 2016. While 44 000 households were interviewed from the total of 37 356 sample households, 34 962 persons aged 15-34 from the sample households were interviewed in this period.